Mongolia at First GlanceMongolia referred as “The land of blue sky” is a place to savour complete serenity and to enjoy endless grassland with a unique animal and bird world. The landscape of Mongolia is incredibly versatile: from the north, which is characterized by extensive forests and clear rivers and lakes, to the giant sand dunes of Gobi desert, home to thousands of gazelles and wild argali sheep. Apart from the sand dunes in the Gobi, there are numerous colorful mountain chains, steppe areas with ancient saxaul trees and red sandstone rocks, where the famous dinosaur sites are located.
In the untouched Mongolian western wilderness, the majestic snow-topped mountains of Altai rise up above 4000m. Not only the beauty of the mighty mountains with snowy peaks, but also the variety of mountain flowers and mountain glacier views will take your breath away. The unspoilt east, the sea of grassland and secluded lakes, is the birthplace of mighty Chinggis Khaan.
Mongolia, a landlocked nation between China and Russia with the lowest population density among all independent countries, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. It is one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition. Despite the modernization and exponential economic growth due to booming capitalism, Mongolia has managed to remain as nomadic culture. It is a the destination for travelers seeking a harmony with the surroundings and local traditions, Mongolia offers the discovery of the essence of nature and a philosophy of travelling that seeks to satisfy the desire of adventure in an intact universe.
Mongolia has many different adventures to offer travelers: stargazing in the Gobi desert, majestic snow topped mountains with glaciers in the western part of the country, enchanted forests, and pristine lakes located near the Russian border. The country stores one of the oldest history and traditions, and the modern and accessible city of Ulaanbaatar.
But, there is something about Mongolia that has not yet been said or mentioned anywhere. We have wide-open natural landscapes, but you can also find this openness in the hospitable people of Mongolia. The feeling of being alive floods over you in these wide-open spaces of Mongolia. Here you can get in touch with nature or set out to explore remote untouched areas. The people of Mongolia will welcome you with their kindness and hospitality. This will be a completely new experience in a place where you will feel at peace.
Area total: 1,565,000km²
Capital: Ulaanbaatar city
Population: about 3 million and roughly 1 million nomads
Currency: Mongolian Tugrik
Official language: Mongolian with Cyrillic alphabet spoken by the more than 80% of the population.
Literacy: Almost all Mongolian adults are literate. Many Mongolians due to soviet time reasonably speak and understand Russian. Though nowadays there is massive interest to learn foreign languages like English, Chinese and etc.
Government: Mongolia has a parliamentary government with a President. Parliamentary and Presidential elections take place every 4 years and elected by general public.
Administration: The country is subdivided into 21 provinces (Aimag). An Aimag is composed of several subprovinces (Sum). A sum consists of several villages (bag).
Main religion: Buddhism
Average altitude: About 1500 meters above sea level.
Climate: The climate is continental with warm summers and long, dry and very cold winters. The coldest temperature falls anywhere between -25 to -40C. The hottest temperature rises to anywhere between 20 and 30C. The average annual precipitation is 200-220 mm. Wind average speed is around 1.5-4.5 rn/s.
Known as "The land of blue sky", Mongolia is a very sunny country and has usually about 250 sunny days a year. A perfect chance to see an wonderful layout of countless stars.
Telecommunications: In Mongolia, most hotels and business centers have International direct dialing, as well as telex, fax facilities, and Internet connection.
Energy: Approximately 80% of the consumed electricity is generated in coal-fired power plants. Rest is produced by diesel generators and by renewable energy sources (mainly hydropower). And about 15% is imported from the Russian Federation.
Time Zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours